The Future of Georgia 2020

The Future of Georgia 2020

  • The Future of Georgia project aims to understand significant issues in Georgia's recent past, to think about where Georgia is headed. The project is run in partnership with the Carnegie Foundation for International Peace Europe Office and the Levan Mikeladze Foundation. The project was financed by the Government of Sweden.

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The Future of Georgia 2020

The Future of Georgia 2020

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SETTYPE: Settlement type

Question text: Settlement type

Values:
  • Capital
  • Urban
  • Rural

RESPSEX: Respondent's sex

Question text: Respondent's sex

Values:
  • Male
  • Female

AGEGROUP: Age group

Question text: Age group

Note: The variable is generated from AGE variable, present in the original dataset

Values:
  • 18-35
  • 36-55
  • 56+

IMPIDNTT: Which of the following identities is more important to you?

Question text: Which of the following identities is more important to you?

Values:
  • As a citizen of Georgia
  • As a member of my ethnic group
  • Both are equally important
  • Neither are important
  • DK

GEOSPKGEO: Agree/disagree: Georgian citizens should speak Georgian

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: Georgian citizens should speak Georgian

Values:
  • Strongly agree
  • Agree
  • Disagree
  • Strongly disagree
  • DK/RA

PROUDCITZN: Agree/disagree: I am proud to be a Georgian citizen

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: I am proud to be a Georgian citizen

Values:
  • Strongly agree
  • Agree
  • Disagree
  • Strongly disagree
  • DK/RA

GEOBEORTH: Agree/disagree: Georgian citizens should be Orthodox Christians

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: Georgian citizens should be Orthodox Christians

Values:
  • Strongly agree
  • Agree
  • Disagree
  • Strongly disagree
  • DK/RA

GEOBEGEO: Agree/disagree: Only ethnic Georgians should be allowed to be Georgian citizens

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: Only ethnic Georgians should be allowed to be Georgian citizens

Values:
  • Strongly agree
  • Agree
  • Disagree
  • Strongly disagree
  • DK/RA

MINKNWGEO: Agree/disagree: If ethnic minorities want work in civil service, they should know Georgian

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: If an ethnic minority wants to work in the civil service, they should know Georgian

Values:
  • Strongly agree
  • Agree
  • Disagree
  • Strongly disagree
  • DK/RA

GEOISEU: Agree/disagree: To be Georgian means to be European

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: To be Georgian means to be European

Values:
  • Strongly agree
  • Agree
  • Disagree
  • Strongly disagree
  • DK/RA

VOTEOTHRELG: Agree/disagree: I would vote for someone who is a different religion than me

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: I would vote for someone who is a different religion than me

Values:
  • Strongly agree
  • Agree
  • Disagree
  • Strongly disagree
  • DK/RA

VOTEOTHETHN: Agree/disagree: I would vote for someone who is a different ethnicity than me

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: I would vote for someone who is a different ethnicity than me

Values:
  • Strongly agree
  • Agree
  • Disagree
  • Strongly disagree
  • DK/RA

VOTEOTHLANG: Agree/disagree: - I would vote for someone who does not speak Georgian

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: I would vote for someone who does not speak Georgian

Values:
  • Strongly agree
  • Agree
  • Disagree
  • Strongly disagree
  • DK/RA

ETHNTOLL: Agree/disagree: Wars show country needs to be more tolerant of ethnic minorities

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: The wars that Georgia has been involved in since independence show that the country and population needs to be more tolerant of ethnic minorities

Values:
  • Strongly agree
  • Agree
  • Disagree
  • Strongly disagree
  • DK/RA

ETHNTHRT: Agree/disagree: Wars show ethnic and linguistic minorities are potential security threat for Georgia

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: The separatist wars that Georgia has been involved in since independence show that the ethnic and linguistic minorities are a potential security threat for Georgia

Values:
  • Strongly agree
  • Agree
  • Disagree
  • Strongly disagree
  • DK
  • RA

IMPISSUES: Which type of issues are most important to you?

Question text: Which type of issues are most important to you? Do you care most about…

Values:
  • Local
  • Regional
  • National
  • International issues
  • DK/RA

ETHNLANGSERV: Approve/disapprove: Providing government services ethnic minority languages

Question text: Would you approve or disapprove of the following policies in predominantly minority communities: Providing government services in ethnic minority languages as well as Georgian

Values:
  • Approve
  • Disapprove
  • DK/RA

STRNETHNLANG: Approve/disapprove: Having street signs in minority languages

Question text: Would you approve or disapprove of the following policies in predominantly minority communities: Having street signs in minority languages

Values:
  • Approve
  • Disapprove
  • DK/RA

CRTETHNLANG: Approve/disapprove: Court cases between ethnic minorities carry out minority language

Question text: Would you approve or disapprove of the following policies in predominantly minority communities: Allowing court cases involving civil disputes between ethnic minorities to be carried out in minority languages

Values:
  • Approve
  • Disapprove
  • DK/RA

FEMMPS: Is it too few or too many 21 female members of parliament out of 150 members?

Question text: Currently there are 21 female members of parliament out of 150 members. Do you think this is . . .?

Values:
  • Too few
  • Too many
  • About right
  • It does not matter
  • DK/RA

FEMMPSIMP: What kind of impact would have on Georgia increasing number of women MPs?

Question text: What kind of impact would increasing the number of women MPs have on Georgia? Would it have …

Values:
  • A positive impact
  • A negative impact
  • No impact
  • It would not matter
  • DK/RA

ETHNMPS: Is it too few or too many 11 ethnic minorities in parliament out of 150 members?

Question text: There are currently 11 ethnic minorities in parliament out of 150 members. Do you think this is…?

Values:
  • Too few
  • Too many
  • About right
  • It does not matter
  • DK/RA

ETHNMPSIMP: What kind of impact would have on Georgia increasing number of ethnic minority MPs?

Question text: What kind of impact would increasing the number of ethnic minority MPs have on Georgia? Would it have …

Values:
  • A positive impact
  • A negative impact
  • No impact
  • It would not matter
  • DK/RA

LGBTMPSIMP: What kind of impact would it have if there were more LGBTQ people in parliament?

Question text: What kind of impact would it have if there were more LGBTQ people in parliament? Would it have …

Values:
  • A positive impact
  • A negative impact
  • No impact
  • It would not matter
  • DK
  • RA

CHRCHSTAT: Do you approve or disapprove of the Georgian Orthodox Church’s special status?

Question text: The Georgian Orthodox Church has a constitutional agreement which gives it a special legal status in Georgia. Do you approve or disapprove of the Georgian Orthodox Church’s special status?

Values:
  • Approve
  • Disapprove
  • DK
  • RA

PRSRVAL: Agree/disagree: Church promotes preservation of moral values Georgian society

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: The Georgian Orthodox Church promotes the preservation of moral values in Georgian society

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

CLSTORUS: Agree/disagree: Church benefits Georgia through bringing us closer to Russia

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: The Georgian Orthodox Church benefits Georgia through bringing us closer to Russia

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

FOUNDIDNTT: Agree/disagree: Church is the foundation of our identity

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: The Georgian Orthodox Church is the foundation of our identity

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

IMPFORFAML: Agree/disagree: Church is very important for my family

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: The Georgian Orthodox Church is very important for my family

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

EUINTECON: Agree/disagree: After joining EU Georgia will have a better economy

Question text: Please tell me how much you agree or disagree with the following statements about potential outcomes of Georgia’s further integration into the European Union - Georgia will have a better economy.

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

EUINTTRDEM: Agree/disagree: After joining EU Georgia will have more democratic institutions and values

Question text: Please tell me how much you agree or disagree with the following statements about potential outcomes of Georgia’s further integration into the European Union - Georgia will have more democratic institutions and values.

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

EUINTTRVL: Agree/disagree: After joining EU Georgians will be able to go to the EU easily

Question text: Please tell me how much you agree or disagree with the following statements about potential outcomes of Georgia’s further integration into the European Union - Georgians will be able to go to the European Union to study and work more easily

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK/RA

EUINTHR: Agree/disagree: After joining EU Georgia will gain human rights protections

Question text: Please tell me how much you agree or disagree with the following statements about potential outcomes of Georgia’s further integration into the European Union - Georgia will gain human rights protections

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK/RA

EUINTSAFERUS: Agree/disagree: After joining EU Georgia will be better protected from Russia

Question text: Please tell me how much you agree or disagree with the following statements about potential outcomes of Georgia’s further integration into the European Union - Georgia will be better protected from Russia

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK/RA

EUINTBETGOV: Agree/disagree: After joining EU Georgia will have more functional government

Question text: Please tell me how much you agree or disagree with the following statements about potential outcomes of Georgia’s further integration into the European Union - Georgia will have more functional government

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

EUINTEUPEAN: Agree/disagree: After joining EU Georgia will become more European

Question text: Please tell me how much you agree or disagree with the following statements about potential outcomes of Georgia’s further integration into the European Union - Georgia will become more European

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK/RA

EUINTCLSRELG: Agree/disagree: After joining EU It will bring Georgia closer together with other Christian nation

Question text: Please tell me how much you agree or disagree with the following statements about potential outcomes of Georgia’s further integration into the European Union - Integration will bring Georgia closer together with other Christian nations

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

CLSEUBRXT: Helped/hurt Georgia to become closer to EU: The United Kingdom leaving the European Union

Question text: Do you think the following have helped, hurt, or not affected Georgia in becoming closer to the European Union? - The United Kingdom leaving the European Union

Values:
  • Helped
  • Not affected
  • Hurt
  • Have not heard about this
  • DK
  • RA

CLSEURUPROP: Helped/hurt Georgia to become closer to EU: Russian, anti-western propaganda

Question text: Do you think the following have helped, hurt, or not affected Georgia in becoming closer to the European Union? - Russian, anti-western propaganda

Values:
  • Helped
  • Not affected
  • Hurt
  • Have not heard about this
  • DK
  • RA

CLSEUAWR: Helped/hurt Georgia to become closer to EU: Anti-western rhetoric from the Georgian Orthodox Church

Question text: Do you think the following have helped, hurt, or not affected Georgia in becoming closer to the European Union? - Anti-western rhetoric from the Georgian Orthodox Church

Values:
  • Helped
  • Not affected
  • Hurt
  • Have not heard about this
  • DK
  • RA

CLSEUCNFRT: Helped/hurt Georgia to become closer to EU: Geo-Russian confrontation over Abkhazia/S.Ossetia status

Question text: Do you think the following have helped, hurt, or not affected Georgia in becoming closer to the European Union? - Georgian-Russian confrontation over the status of Abkhazia and South Ossetia

Values:
  • Helped
  • Not affected
  • Hurt
  • Have not heard about this
  • DK
  • RA

EUTHRTTRAD: Agree/disagree: The EU represents a threat to Georgian traditions

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statement: The European Union represents a threat to Georgian traditions

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disgree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

BESTSUP: Who can currently give best support to Georgia – the EU, USA or Russia?

Question text: Who can currently give best support to Georgia – the EU, USA or Russia?

Values:
  • EU
  • USA
  • Russia
  • Other
  • No one
  • DK
  • RA

EUSUPP: Do you support Georgia joining the European Union?

Question text: Do you support Georgia joining the European Union?

Values:
  • Yes
  • No
  • DK
  • RA

ABOSVSEU: Which would you choose - Control over Abkhazia and South Ossetia or NATO and EU membership?

Question text: If you had to choose between regaining control over Abkhazia and South Ossetia or membership in NATO and the EU, which would you choose?

Values:
  • Regaining control over Abkhazia and South Ossetia
  • Membership in NATO and the EU
  • DK
  • RA

APNINENEG: Agree/disagree: April 9, 1989 was a tragedy

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: April 9, 1989 was a tragedy

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

APNINEPOS: Agree/disagree: April 9,1989 was positive event - it paved way to independence

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: April 9, 1989 was a positive event insofar as it paved the way to independence for Georgia

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

WARAVDBL: Agree/disagree: The wars in Abkhazia and South Ossetia in the 90s were avoidable

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: The wars in Abkhazia and South Ossetia in the 90s were avoidable

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

OSWARAVD: Agree/disagree: Everything possible was done to avoid the 2008 August War

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: Everything possible was done to avoid the 2008 August War.

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

COLSUPOS: Agree/disagree: Collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 was good thing for Georgia

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 was a good thing for Georgia

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

ZVIADPATRT: Agree/disagree: Zviad Gamsakhurdia was a true Georgian patriot

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: Zviad Gamsakhurdia was a true Georgian patriot

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

ZVDINDP: Agree/disagree: Without Gamsakhurdia Georgia wouldn't have been able to become independent

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: Without Zviad Gamsakhurdia Georgia would not have been able to become independent

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

ZVDWARSS: Agree/disagree: Gamsakhurdia was responsible for starting war in South Ossetia

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: Zviad Gamsakhurdia was responsible for starting the war in South Ossetia

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

ZVSWARAB: Agree/disagree: Zviad Gamsakhurdia was responsible for starting war in Abkhazia

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: Zviad Gamsakhurdia was responsible for starting the war in Abkhazia

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

OVERZVD: Agree/disagree: The overthrow of Zviad Gamsakhurdia was a bad thing for Georgia

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: The overthrow of Zviad Gamsakhurdia was a bad thing for Georgia

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

SUCCBEFREV: Largest success of the Georgia's government from 1992 to 2003

Question text: In your opinion what was the largest success of the government from 1992 to 2003?

Note: Option Contributing to Georgian-Ossetian reconciliation on the grassroots level was grouped to Other.

Values:
  • Gaining international recognition of Georgia’s independence
  • Building East-West Energy corridor (BTC, BTS, Shah Deniz gas pipeline)
  • Ending the Tbilisi war/ Georgian civil war
  • Introducing the Lari/ stabilizing the exchange rate
  • Prioritizing western foreign policy orientation
  • Stabilizing the conflicts
  • Gaining membership in the Council of Europe
  • Closing down the Russian military base in Vaziani
  • Gaining membership in the WTO
  • Other
  • The government had no success
  • DK
  • RA

FAILBEFREV: Largest failure of the Georgia's government from 1992 to 2003

Question text: In your opinion what was the largest failure of the government from 1992 to 2003?

Values:
  • Economic collapse
  • Did not prevent wars in Abkhazia and South Ossetia
  • Electricity shortages/blackouts
  • Could not effectively govern the entire country
  • 1998 Abkhaz Fighting/Gali Events
  • Criminal situation/ lack of law and order
  • Corruption
  • Moved away from Russia
  • Could not build strong state institutions
  • Failed to engage west in conflict resolution bring
  • Could not close down Russian military bases
  • Other
  • The government had no failures
  • DK
  • RA

SUCCAFREV: Largest success of the Georgia's government from 2003 to 2012

Question text: In your opinion what was the largest success of the government from 2003 to 2012?

Values:
  • Fighting crime/ law and order
  • Economic growth
  • Improved provision of public services
  • Elimination of petty corruption
  • Georgia grew closer to the European Union, NATO, and/or the west
  • Health care system reform
  • Deregulation
  • Unified entrance exams
  • Election quality improved
  • Closure of Russian military bases
  • Judiciary reform
  • Other
  • The government had no successes
  • DK
  • RA

FAILAFREV: Largest failure of the government from 2003 to 2012?

Question text: In your opinion what was the largest failure of the government from 2003 to 2012?

Values:
  • Human rights abuses
  • Did not prevent the 2008 war
  • Did not listen to the public
  • Cracked down on protesters
  • Infringed upon property rights
  • Uneven economic growth
  • Disrespected academic and cultural elites
  • Other
  • The government had no failures
  • DK
  • RA

SUCCNOW: Largest success of the Georgia's government from 2012 to present

Question text: In your opinion what was the largest success of the government from 2012 to present?

Note: Option Reformed election system was grouped to Other.

Values:
  • Improved protection of human rights
  • Effective mitigation of COVID-19 pandemic risks
  • Introduced universal health insurance
  • Visa free travel to the EU
  • Implementation of Hepatitis C program
  • No active war
  • Improved business environment
  • Political stability
  • Restoration of justice
  • Association Agreement with EU
  • Reduced risks in relations with Russia
  • Transition to a parliamentary system of government
  • Improved penitentiary system
  • Other
  • The government had no successes
  • DK
  • RA

FAILNOW: Largest failure of the Georgia's government from 2012 to present

Question text: In your opinion what was the largest failure of the government from 2012 to present?

Note: Option Failure to install air defense systems was grouped to Other.

Values:
  • Weak economic growth
  • Failure to deliver on pre-election promises
  • Gavrilov nights
  • Failure to accomplish the restoration of justice
  • Ineffective decision making system
  • Failure to depoliticize prosecutor’s office and judiciary
  • Failure to slow down social estrangement between Georgians and Abkhaz/Ossetians
  • Failure to establish platforms for direct dialogue with Sukhumi and Tskhinvali
  • Ineffective PR, both domestically and internationally
  • Failure to follow through on promise to introduce proportional election system
  • Other
  • The government had no failure
  • DK
  • RA

CONSQWAR: The most negative consequence of 2008 war aside from the occupation

Question text: In your opinion, aside from the occupation of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, what was the most negative consequence of the 2008 war?

Values:
  • Loss of life
  • Damaged relations with Russia
  • Damaged economic development
  • Deepened alienation between Georgians and Abkhaz/Ossetians
  • Collapse of peace process as regards conflict settlement
  • Prevention of EU integration
  • Prevention of NATO integration
  • Other
  • There was no other negative consequence
  • DK
  • RA

GEODEM: Agree/disagree: Georgia is the leading democracy in the post-Soviet space

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: Georgia is the leading democracy in the post-Soviet space

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

NTDEVLP: Agree/disagree: Georgia has never developed in right direction since independence

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: Georgia has never developed in the right direction since independence

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

MRFAILS: Agree/disagree: Since independence, Georgian history has more failure than success

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: Since independence, Georgian history has more failures than successes

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK/RA

HRVSSTATE: Agree/disagree: Current government prioritizes human rights over state modernization

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: The current government prioritizes human rights over the modernization of the state

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

PRSVSINST: Agree/disagree: Modern Georgian history driven by personality rather than institution

Question text: Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: The modern history of Georgia is mainly a personality rather than institution driven process

Values:
  • Strongly disagree
  • Disagree
  • Agree
  • Strongly agree
  • DK
  • RA

PARTSUPP: Which party is closest to you?

Question text: Which party is closest to you?

Note: Options Democratic Movement – United Georgia (Nino Burjanadze), Citizens (Aleko Elisashvili), New Rights (Mamuka Katsitadze), Republican Party (Khatuna Samnidze, Tamar Kordzaia), Georgian Conservative Party (Zviad Dzidziguri), For Justice (Eka Beselia) were grouped to Other.

Values:
  • Georgian Dream – Democratic Georgia (Bidzina Ivanishvili )
  • United National Movement
  • Alliance of Patriots of Georgia (Davit Tarkhan-Mouravi, Irma Inashvili)
  • European Georgia - Free Democrats (Davit Bakradze, Shalva Shavgulidze, Gigi Ugulava)
  • New Political Center - Girchi (Zurab Japaridze)
  • Georgian Labor Party (Shalva Natelashvili)
  • Lelo (Mamuka Khazaradze)
  • Free Georgia (Kakha Kukava)
  • Political Platform - New Georgia (Giorgi Vashadze)
  • Other
  • No party
  • DK
  • RA

ETHNIC: Respondent's ethnicity

Question text: There are a number of ethnic groups living in Georgia. Which ethnic group do you consider yourself a part of?

Note: Options Russian and Abkhaz were grouped to Other.

Values:
  • Georgian
  • Azerbaijani
  • Armenian
  • Ossetian
  • Other ethnicity
  • DK/RA

LANGAP: Languages used in everyday life - Abkhaz

Question text: What languages other than /interview language/ do you use in your everyday life, such as to talk with your family members, friends and neighbors, or to do business? Abkhaz

Values:
  • Mentioned
  • Not mentioned
  • No other language
  • DK/RA

LANGHY: Languages used in everyday life - Armenian

Question text: What languages other than /interview language/ do you use in your everyday life, such as to talk with your family members, friends and neighbors, or to do business? Armenian

Values:
  • Mentioned
  • Not mentioned
  • No other language
  • DK/RA

LANGAS: Languages used in everyday life - Assyrian

Question text: What languages other than /interview language/ do you use in your everyday life, such as to talk with your family members, friends and neighbors, or to do business? Assyrian

Values:
  • Mentioned
  • Not mentioned
  • No other language
  • DK/RA

LANGAZ: Languages used in everyday life - Azerbaijani

Question text: What languages other than /interview language/ do you use in your everyday life, such as to talk with your family members, friends and neighbors, or to do business? Azerbaijani

Values:
  • Mentioned
  • Not mentioned
  • No other language
  • DK/RA

LANGAV: Languages used in everyday life - Avar

Question text: What languages other than /interview language/ do you use in your everyday life, such as to talk with your family members, friends and neighbors, or to do business? Avar

Values:
  • Mentioned
  • Not mentioned
  • No other language
  • DK/RA

LANKGKIST: Languages used in everyday life - Kist/Chechen

Question text: What languages other than /interview language/ do you use in your everyday life, such as to talk with your family members, friends and neighbors, or to do business? Kist/Chechen

Values:
  • Mentioned
  • Not mentioned
  • No other language
  • DK/RA

LANGKA: Languages used in everyday life - Georgian

Question text: What languages other than /interview language/ do you use in your everyday life, such as to talk with your family members, friends and neighbors, or to do business? Georgian

Values:
  • Mentioned
  • Not mentioned
  • No other language
  • DK/RA

LANGHE: Languages used in everyday life - Greek

Question text: What languages other than /interview language/ do you use in your everyday life, such as to talk with your family members, friends and neighbors, or to do business? Greek

Values:
  • Mentioned
  • Not mentioned
  • No other language
  • DK/RA

LANGEN: Languages used in everyday life - English

Question text: What languages other than /interview language/ do you use in your everyday life, such as to talk with your family members, friends and neighbors, or to do business? English

Values:
  • Mentioned
  • Not mentioned
  • No other language
  • DK/RA

LANGZA: Languages used in everyday life - Kurdish languages (Zazaki, Kurmanji, etc.)

Question text: What languages other than /interview language/ do you use in your everyday life, such as to talk with your family members, friends and neighbors, or to do business? Kurdish languages (Zazaki, Kurmanji, etc.)

Values:
  • Mentioned
  • Not mentioned
  • No other language
  • DK/RA

LANGMR: Languages used in everyday life - Mingrelian (and Laz)

Question text: What languages other than /interview language/ do you use in your everyday life, such as to talk with your family members, friends and neighbors, or to do business? Mingrelian (and Laz)

Values:
  • Mentioned
  • Not mentioned
  • No other language
  • DK/RA

LANGOS: Languages used in everyday life - Ossetian

Question text: What languages other than /interview language/ do you use in your everyday life, such as to talk with your family members, friends and neighbors, or to do business? Ossetian

Values:
  • Mentioned
  • Not mentioned
  • No other language
  • DK/RA

LANDRU: Languages used in everyday life - Russian

Question text: What languages other than /interview language/ do you use in your everyday life, such as to talk with your family members, friends and neighbors, or to do business? Russian

Values:
  • Mentioned
  • Not mentioned
  • No other language
  • DK/RA

LANGSV: Languages used in everyday life - Svan

Question text: What languages other than /interview language/ do you use in your everyday life, such as to talk with your family members, friends and neighbors, or to do business? Svan

Values:
  • Mentioned
  • Not mentioned
  • No other language
  • DK/RA

LANGTR: Languages used in everyday life - Turkish

Question text: What languages other than /interview language/ do you use in your everyday life, such as to talk with your family members, friends and neighbors, or to do business? Turkish

Values:
  • Mentioned
  • Not mentioned
  • No other language
  • DK/RA

LANGOT: Languages used in everyday life - Other

Question text: What languages other than /interview language/ do you use in your everyday life, such as to talk with your family members, friends and neighbors, or to do business? Other

Values:
  • Mentioned
  • Not mentioned
  • No other language
  • DK/RA

RELGION: Which religious group do you consider yourself a part of?

Question text: There are a number of religious groups living in Georgia. Which religious group do you consider yourself a part of?

Values:
  • Orthodox
  • Muslim
  • Armenian Apostolic
  • Other Christian
  • Other
  • DK/RA

RELSERV: Frequency of attendance of religious services

Question text: Apart from special occasions such as weddings and funerals, about how often do you attend religious services?

Values:
  • Once a week or more often
  • At least once a month
  • Only on special religious holidays
  • Less often
  • Never
  • DK/RA

FRQINTR: How often do you use the internet?

Question text: How often do you use the internet? You use the internet...

Values:
  • Every day
  • At least once a week
  • At least once a month
  • Less often
  • Never
  • I don’t know what the internet is
  • DK/RA

EMPLSIT: Primary activity

Question text: Which of the following best describes your situation? Please think about the activity or situation which is primary for you.

Values:
  • I am retired and do not work
  • I am a student and do not work
  • I am a housewife and do not work
  • I am unemployed
  • I work full or part-time, including seasonal jobs
  • I am self-employed, including seasonal jobs
  • I am disabled and cannot work
  • Other
  • RA

RESPEDU: What is the highest level of education you have achieved to date?

Question text: What is the highest level of education you have achieved to date?

Note: Options No primary education, Complete secondary education were grouped to Secondary or lower, Incomplete higher education, Completed higher education were grouped to Higher than secondary

Values:
  • Secondary or lower
  • Secondary technical
  • Higher than secondary
  • DK/RA

OWNFRDG: HH owns - Refrigerator

Question text: Now, I will read you a series of household items. Please note that we are only interested in items that your household owns and that are in normal working order. Please tell me whether or not your household owns …? - Refrigerator

Values:
  • Owns
  • Doesn't own
  • RA

OWNCOTV: HH owns - Color television

Question text: Now, I will read you a series of household items. Please note that we are only interested in items that your household owns and that are in normal working order. Please tell me whether or not your household owns …? - Color TV

Values:
  • Owns
  • Doesn't own
  • DK/RA

OWNCELL: HH owns - Smartphone

Question text: Now, I will read you a series of household items. Please note that we are only interested in items that your household owns and that are in normal working order. Please tell me whether or not your household owns …? - Smartphone (a phone with color display and with internet connection)

Values:
  • Owns
  • Doesn't own
  • DK/RA

OWNTBLT: HH owns - Tablet

Question text: Now, I will read you a series of household items. Please note that we are only interested in items that your household owns and that are in normal working order. Please tell me whether or not your household owns …? - Tablet computer (e.g. iPad, Galaxy Tab, Lenovo etc.)

Values:
  • Owns
  • Doesn't own
  • DK/RA

OWNCARS: HH owns - Car

Question text: Now, I will read you a series of household items. Please note that we are only interested in items that your household owns and that are in normal working order. Please tell me whether or not your household owns …? - Car

Values:
  • Owns
  • Doesn't own
  • DK/RA

OWNAIRC: HH owns - Air conditioner

Question text: Now, I will read you a series of household items. Please note that we are only interested in items that your household owns and that are in normal working order. Please tell me whether or not your household owns …? - Air conditioner

Values:
  • Owns
  • Doesn't own
  • RA

OWNWASH: HH owns - Automatic washing machine

Question text: Now, I will read you a series of household items. Please note that we are only interested in items that your household owns and that are in normal working order. Please tell me whether or not your household owns …? - Automatic washing machine

Values:
  • Owns
  • Doesn't own
  • DK/RA

OWNCOMP: HH owns - Personal computer

Question text: Now, I will read you a series of household items. Please note that we are only interested in items that your household owns and that are in normal working order. Please tell me whether or not your household owns …? - Personal computer, including laptop

Values:
  • Owns
  • Doesn't own
  • DK/RA

OWNHWT: HH owns - Hot water

Question text: Now, I will read you a series of household items. Please note that we are only interested in items that your household owns and that are in normal working order. Please tell me whether or not your household owns …? - Hot water

Values:
  • Owns
  • Doesn't own
  • DK/RA

OWNCHTG: HH owns - Central heating

Question text: Now, I will read you a series of household items. Please note that we are only interested in items that your household owns and that are in normal working order. Please tell me whether or not your household owns …? - Central heating

Values:
  • Owns
  • Doesn't own
  • DK/RA

CONFLMV: Since 1989 were you/HH members forced to leave home due conflicts in Georgia?

Question text: Since 1989 were you/HH members forced to leave home due conflicts in Georgia?

Values:
  • Yes
  • No
  • DK/RA

INTLANG: Interview language

Question text: Interview language

Values:
  • Armenian
  • Azerbaijani
  • Georgian

HHSIZE: Total number of people per household

Question text: Total number of people per household

Note: The question was changed from open-ended and recoded. Frequencies are calculated without Not applicable option

Values:
  • One
  • Two
  • Three
  • Four
  • Five
  • Six and more

HHASIZE: Total number of adults per household

Question text: Total number of adults per household

Note: The question was changed from open-ended and recoded. Frequencies are calculated without Not applicable option

Values:
  • One
  • Two
  • Three
  • Four
  • Five
  • Six and more

Found: 104 record(s)